Creamy Rocoto Sauce

Not for the faint-hearted, this Creamy Rocoto Sauce (aka uchucuta sauce) brings the heat to a roasted garlic aioli with a Peruvian spin… Try it on anticuchos, grilled chicken, meatballs and roasted potatoes!

A wood cutting board with several rocoto peppers, and a glass jar with creamy rocoto sauce.

👩🏻‍🍳 Tamara Talks – Rocoto Sauce Inspiration

I never tire of talking about Peru. It’s my happy place (well, one of a couple). 💕 Having spent June of 2017, 2018, and 2019 in the Cuzco region of Peru, I’ve had plenty of opportunity to get to know its flavors and smells.

Ají – or chile pepper – is an important ingredient in Peruvian cooking, and one of the most important ají peppers is the rocoto pepper. Yes, they’re hot. On rocotos Scoville scale, they rank 30,000 to 100,000 Scoville heat units (SHU). That translates to 4 to 40 times hotter than the familiar jalapeño. Uchucuta (or uchukuta) is a Quechua word for “ground hot pepper.”

I cannot over-emphasize the variation in heat level of the rocoto pepper! I’ve had salsas that gave me pause because they had no heat at all. AND. I’ve had sauces that blew my mind and might have caused lasting damage to my mouth. LOL.

It is difficult if not impossible to get fresh rocoto peppers in the US, but we can often get their very similar cousin manzano peppers. Manzano peppers come out of Mexico, but originate in the Andes. They tend to be 12,000 to 30,000 SHU – well below the rocoto pepper – making them about twice as hot as the jalapeño.

My photos include fresh manzano peppers. Their sweet heat is delightful in this salsa. By all means use rocoto peppers if you are able to get them!

My recipe for rocoto aioli was born out of a pouch of uchucuta I brought home from Peru last summer. Amazon, in fact, has the specific pouch I brought home from Orion in Cuzco.

The uchucuta sauce definitely reminded me of a mayonnaise based sauce, and that’s the direction I decided to take this recipe. It is really very simple – roasted garlic, rocoto (or manzano) pepper, lime juice, salt, vinegar, olive oil.

🌶 What is Uchucuta

Uchucuta (uchukuta) is a Quechua (indigenous people) word for “ground hot pepper.” That makes it a pretty broad term. LOL. As I mentioned above, my reference point for “uchucuta” is a pouch with a mayonnaise based rocoto sauce… which I love by the way!

By this definition, my Peruvian ají verde salsa is uchucuta as well. That seems a bit confusing to this home cook. We’ll just set that aside for now!

🌶 What is a Rocoto Pepper

As I mention in the first section, rocoto is Peru’s HOT PEPPER. Sometimes it is as hot as a habañero, but in my experience, it is more like a serrano pepper. In other words, the heat level really varies.

Enter the manzano pepper. Manzano peppers are grown in Mexico at high elevation. They are a member of the species C. pubescens like the rocoto (Peru) and the locoto (Bolivia). They all have a bit of fur on them, they’re thick-walled and apple shaped, and have large black seeds.

Manzanos are still hot, but they’re usually less hot than a rocoto. AND we can get them in the US because we get a lot of our produce from Mexico!

A jar of rocoto sauce with a copper spoon on a wood cutting board with yellow manzano peppers.

📋 Ingredients Notes

Here is a quick look at the ingredients in the recipe – it’s handy to use at the grocery store or as a summary of what you need. Skip to the recipe for quantities.

  • chile pepper – Rocoto, manzano, or locoto pepper are preferred. You can also use a bit of rocoto paste. Remember: Rocotos are hot! If you can’t get these Peruvian chiles, substitute serrano, Fresno, habanero (if you’re brave!).
  • garlic – Roasting the garlic is worth the extra time!
  • coarse sea salt
  • juice of 1 lime
  • vinegar – I like sherry vinegar. White wine or champagne vinegar are good options as well.
  • olive oil
  • 1 egg yolk – This is a fairly loose sauce. If you want it thicker (like mayonnaise) use 2 yolks.
  • sea salt and fresh ground pepper

🎥 How to video

🔪 Step-By-Step Instructions

  1. Purée the rocoto (manzano) pepper – Remove the seeds and stems from the pepper. Cut into small pieces. Pulse until smooth.
  2. Add the roasted garlic, coarse sea salt, and lime juice – Add the (hopefully) roasted garlic, the generous pinch of coarse sea salt, and the fresh lime juice to the bowl of a small processor. Blend until smooth.
  3. Add the vinegar and egg yolk – Once again, purée the rocoto mixture with the vinegar egg yolk. Smoothness is key!
  4. Add the olive oil – The olive oil needs to be added while the blender or processor is going – in a slow but steady stream – to emulsify it. I have a hole in the top of my processor that is ideal for this process (see video).
  5. Taste for seasoning!

💭 Tips

How long can I keep my rocoto sauce? It is best fresh, but it will keep in an air-tight jar for a week in the refrigerator. Store in the refrigerator if not using immediately!

I can’t get manzanos or rocotos. What else can I use? If you’re brave enough, substitute a bit of habanero. Serrano is a good option, but the color will be green rather than yellow, orange, or red. Keep in mind the flavor will be different as well.

Can I use rocoto paste or whole jarred rocotos? Yes! I have used both of these products in my Peruvian cooking. Of course fresh is always best, but you’ll still have a good aioli with either option. Proceed cautiously. You can add but you can’t subtract. I used 1 whole rocoto on photo day, and while delicious, it is SPICY!

Note: As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases at no additional cost to you. This helps to offset the costs of maintaining my blog and creating awesome content! 😊

While rocoto (manzano) peppers are not for the faint of heart, their fruity heat is delicious! Tempered with aioli or in combination with tomatoes or other fresh ingredients, they’ll bring vibrant Peruvian flavor to the most simple dishes. I hope you’ll give this salsa a try!

Signature in red and green with chiles and limes. Healthyish Latin cuisine.

A jar of rocoto (aka manzano) pepper aioli with a copper spoon on a wooden cutting board with a few fresh peppers.

Rocoto Pepper Aioli Recipe

A spicy Peruvian salsa with rocoto (manzano) peppers, roasted garlic, lime juice, olive oil that is a perfect accompaniment for your roasted chicken or anticuchos!
4.91 from 11 votes

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Prep Time 15 minutes
Total Time 15 minutes
Course Other
Cuisine Peruvian
Servings 1 cup
Calories 97 kcal


  • 3 cloves garlic - preferably roasted
  • a large pinch of coarse sea salt
  • ½ to 1 rocoto or manzano pepper - large dice
  • juice of 1 lime
  • 1 teaspoon good vinegar - sherry, red or white wine
  • 1 egg yolk
  • ½ cup olive oil
  • sea salt and fresh ground pepper to taste


  • Remove the seeds and stems from the pepper. Cut into small pieces. Pulse until smooth.
  • Add the (hopefully) roasted garlic, the generous pinch of coarse sea salt, and the fresh lime juice to the bowl of a small processor. Blend until smooth.
  • Once again, purée the rocoto mixture with the vinegar and egg yolk. Smoothness is key!
  • The olive oil needs to be added while the blender or processor is going – in a slow but steady stream – to emulsify it. I have a hole in the top of my processor that is ideal for this process (see video).
  • Taste for seasoning!


One yolk makes this a fairly loose aioli. If you want it thicker like mayonnaise, you can add 2 yolks.


Serving: 1tablespoon | Calories: 97kcal

NOTE: Macronutrients are an approximation only using unbranded ingredients and Please do your own research with the products you’re using if you have a serious health issue or are following a specific diet.

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  1. Hi! I wanted to make it today, but in your video you add an egg yolk – there is no mention of an egg yolk in your recipe. So is it just one yolk to add?

    1. Hi Milena! I’m so sorry for not responding yesterday. Yes, it is just one yolk. If you want a thicker aioli, you can add two. I’m not sure how this got missed other than I was just tired when I finished up the post. My husband proofreads for me, and he missed it too. Thanks so much for reaching out! I’m editing the post…

  2. Oh wow, I don’t know where to start. First up – your blender in the video – it’s got a drizzling hole – how brilliant! I want one!

    Ok, now, drawn in by how creamy that sauce looks, I was initially so disappointed reading your post and the recipe card, thinking that I stand virtually no chance of getting those peppers here in the UK to try out this recipe for myself. But good news – I’ve food a stockist for rocoto online. Hurrah.

    Would love to hear your thoughts on the best store cupboard ingredients to stock up on for your recipes too (or a post link if you’ve already covered this) – might as well order in one go when I get the rocoto.

    1. Thanks for the post idea! Since I don’t have good access to all the ingredients I like to cook with at the moment, I can use the time to do a post with a list of typical Peruvian ingredients! Off the top of my head: Aji amarillo paste, aji panca paste, and aji mirasol dried. I try to keep frozen aji amarillo on hand when I can find it, and water packed rocoto for when I can’t get fresh. Choclo (giant dried corn), maiz morado (purple corn available on Amazon), cancha (another dried corn), quinoa, dried and frozen lima beans are ingredients I use often. Cumin is a must, as is oregano, soy sauce (I like tamari), fresh cilantro, etc. Most of the recipes are not complicated and don’t require many unusual ingredients, but the peppers sort of define the cuisine! And that Ninja processor is probably my favorite tool!